Enquiry, Application and Formation

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Enquiry and Application

For enquiries through the year initial interviews are undertaken by one of the directors.  Also, during March to May there is a series of introductory mornings which marks the start of the application process.  The process is one of constant discernment, and may lead to acceptance onto the Diaconate Formation Programme.  Acceptance onto the programme does not automatically mean acceptance as a deacon.

On enquiry, the man will be interviewed by diaconate directors, and the Parish Priest will be contacted to ascertain suitability. There will also be a home visit to assess family circumstances. For a married man to be accepted onto the formation programme he will need written permission from his wife.  If considered suitable, the man will be invited to submit a formal application, and references are taken up.  During this time, in addition to monthly meetings to explore aspects of formation, the applicant undergoes a three-day psychological assessment at St Luke’s Centre, Manchester.  This is followed by a Selection Conference, with formal interviews for the man and if married, his wife, and also as a couple. There then follows an interview of the man, with his wife if married, by the Cardinal Archbishop, who with the support of information received, makes a decision on whether the man is accepted onto the Formation Programme. 

Westminster Formation Programme

This is a five year programme, consisting of a propaedeutic period and three years of formal study.

The applicant, if considered by the Cardinal Archbishop as suitable for diaconate formation, is accepted as an Aspirant.   As Aspriant, he enters a Propaedeutic Period of continued discernment, lasting up to eighteen months, a period of 'putting on the mind of Christ'. This perod includes parish-based formation and entry onto the Aspirant Programme. 

The link with the aspirant's home parish is crucial, as he must have the support of his parish priest and the community in which he will serve after ordination. The aspirant will already be deeply rooted and engaged in the parish, be involved in works of service, and exercising some leadership roles within this community.  The Propaedeutic Period, lasting up to 18 months, builds on parish experience, ensuring that the aspirant is familiar with all aspects of parish life, and working collaboratively with the Parish Priest in tending to the pastoral needs of the parish. A parish-based programme will be agreed with the parish priest, involving the aspirant in aspects of Prayer & Liturgy, Parish & Community life, Catechesis & Faith Formation programmes, Social Action, and Evangelisation.

The one-year Aspirant Programme includes four study days at St Mary's University, Twickenham and a retreat weekend.  The programme explores the call to vocation, the importance of discernment in relation to family and work, prayer & spirituality, and the role of the deacon in the ministry of word, liturgy and charity.

At the end of the Propaedeutic Period, the aspirant will start formal studies lasting three years, culminating in a degree.  The study programme starts in September, and if all goes well, by December of the first year the aspirant is admitted by the Bishop as a Candidate for the Permanent Diaconate.   During the three-years of study and continuing formation, the focus is on the human, spiritual, intellectual and pastoral development of the candidate.  Topics covered include philosphy, theology, scripture, ecclesiology, spirituality, catechesis, liturgy, Canon Law, Church history, Catholic Social Teaching, Pastoral Ministry, and other related subjects. Through each of the three years of the formation programme, there are eleven Formation Days, held on Saturdays at St Mary's University Twickenham, two study & practice weekends and a retreat weekend. Attendance at all formation days and weekends is mandatory. The studies will lead to a Foundation Degree in Pastoral Ministry, and Postgraduate Certificate in Catholic Social Teaching.  

Each year there is an assessment process. The assessments facilitate the process of discernment, God’s call to the individual candidate. Therefore, acceptance of the applicant into the formation programme does not automatically mean acceptance for ordination. If all is well, the candidate is instituted as a Lector at the end of the first year of formal training, the following year as Acolyte, and finally Ordained a Permanent Deacon at the end of the third year of the study programme.

For the Diocese of Westminster, enquiries to join the the Permanent Diaconate Formation Programme are welcome from men between 30 years and 60 years of age (with ordination by 65th birthday).  Those who are married must have the support of their wife and family, and accept that if their wife should die before them, they cannot re-marry and would live in the celibate state.  Any candidate must demonstrate the necessary maturity and stability for this life-long commitment. Most candidates will be in the world of work and continue to be so after ordination. Indeed it is the role of the Permanent Deacon to have “one foot in the sanctuary and the other in the workplace”.  Also ministering in the parish and beyond, the Permanent Deacon will be 'as familiar with the fringes of society as with the sanctuary'.

Above all, they will be men of faith and prayer, with a desire to serve others for the sake of God’s kingdom.


The role of a Deacon, once Ordained, will depend on the individual, their skills and experience, and their availability in the light of their family and work commitments, as well as on the needs of the Diocese and the Parish. A formal Diaconal Agreement is agreed ahead of Ordination, detailing the expectations on the Deacon in his ministry.  The primary vocation of a married deacon will be his wife and family, and his work, as deacons do not receive a stipend.

As well as parish ministry deacons may be engaged in a variety of other ministries, including school, prison and hospital chaplaincy.  However, all Deacons need to be able to work within their Parish if called to do so. Deacons who are in full-time employment, especially those, for example, working as teachers, doctors, nurses, in evangelisation, social care, and charitable work or engaged to work at Diocesan level, may have limited availability for diaconal duties  within the Parish. However, irrespective of the frequency with which they may occur, a man once ordained will be expected to be able to be proficient in the key aspects of his ministry.

The Deacon will continue to be a sign of Christ the Servant throughout their lives.