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All sacraments are an encounter with Christ, who is Himself the original sacrament.  Young people and adults alike undergo periods of preparation before encountering Christ in the sacraments of initiation (Baptism, Confirmation and the Eucharist) and confession (one of the two sacraments of healing, the second being the anointing of the sick) for the first time. The two sacraments of vocation are Matrimony and Holy Orders.

Baptism

Baptism incorporates us into Christ and forms us into God’s people. This first sacrament pardons all our sins, rescues us from the power of darkness, and brings us to the dignity of adopted children, a new creation through water and the Holy Spirit. Hence we are called and are indeed the children of God. (Christian Initiation, General Introduction 2)

Confirmation

By signing us with the gift of the Spirit, Confirmation makes us more completely the image of the Lord and fills us with the Holy Spirit, so that we may bear witness to him before all the world and work to bring the Body of Christ to its fullness as soon as possible.  (Christian Initiation, General Introduction 2)

Eucharist

In celebrating the Eucharist, the people of God assemble as the body of Christ to fulfil the Lord’s command to “do this in memory of me” (Luke 22:19). In this most sacred action of Christ and the Church, the memorial of his death and resurrection is celebrated, God is adored in spirit and in truth, the Church identifies itself with the saving Sacrifice of its Lord and, nourished by his Body and Blood, looks forward in joyful hope to sharing in the supper of the Lamb in the heavenly kingdom. (Celebrating the Mass 18)

Penance & Reconciliation

Our Saviour Jesus Christ, when he gave to his apostles and their successors power to forgive sins, instituted in his Church the sacrament of Penance. Thus the faithful who fall into sin after baptism may be reconciled with God and renewed in grace. The Church ‘possesses both water and tears: the water of baptism, the tears of penance’. (1.1)

In the sacrament of Penance the faithful ‘obtain from the mercy of God pardon for their sins against him; at the same time they are reconciled with the Church which they wounded by their sins and which works for their conversion by charity, example, and prayer’. (2.4) (Rite of Penance – Introduction)